Researchers create new method for eliminating salt from processed foodsMarie Donlon | March 04, 2020
Researchers from Washington State University (WSU) have developed new technology that could reduce the sodium levels in processed foods while maintaining the taste and safety of those foods.
Using a method called microwave assisted thermal sterilization (MATS), the WSU team applied microwave technology to decimate food pathogens during food sterilization, without affecting the taste or safety of the processed food.
To demonstrate how the MATS technology worked when compared to a current food processing sterilization technology called Retort, wherein food undergoes prolonged periods of heating and cooling, the researchers tested both methods on mashed potatoes. Using tasting panels and WSU’s electronic tongue (e-tongue), the team gauged how reducing salt levels by 50% impacted the taste of sterilized food.
Retort reportedly altered the taste and texture of the mashed potatoes, camouflaging other ingredients such as pepper and garlic, thereby requiring the addition of salt. Meanwhile, the MATS-treated mashed potatoes experienced little impact to either taste or texture and, consequently, did not require the addition of extra salt. Instead, the tasting panel noted that they could taste other ingredients in the MATS-treated potatoes such as pepper and garlic in a way that they could not in the Retort-treated potatoes.
According to researchers, the MATS technology could impact how salt is used in processed foods. Increasing salt levels in the face of diminished taste can have health implications, particularly for those on salt-restricted diets. However, if processed foods can be enhanced by the flavor of herbs and other non-salt ingredients, more process food options might be available to people on salt-restricted diets.
The research appears in the Journal of Food Science.