Sensors

Hydrogen Sensor is Ultra-Fast and Super-Sensitive

02 October 2017

An ultra-fast, ultra-sensitive hydrogen sensor can detect hundreds of parts per million levels of the gas within Pd nanowires are covered by a metal-organic framework layer. Source: KAIST/University of California-IrvinePd nanowires are covered by a metal-organic framework layer. Source: KAIST/University of California-Irvine60 seconds at room temperature. Researchers from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and the University of California-Irvine developed the device with a palladium nanowire array coated with a metal-organic framework that can detect hydrogen.

The researchers coated lithographically patterned Pd nanowires with a zinc-based zeolite imidazole framework (ZIF-8) layer composed of Zn ions and organic ligands. ZIF-8 film is easily applied to Pd nanowires by dipping in a methanol solution, including zinc nitrate hexahydrate and 2-methylimidazole.

Thus, the ZIF-8 filter on the nanowires allows the predominant penetration of hydrogen molecules while screening out larger molecules. The method results in Pd-based sensors with a 20-fold faster recovery and response speed compared to non-coated Pd nanowires at room temperature.

As the device detects hydrogen gas levels under 1 vol% in less than seven seconds, it should be useful in preventing explosions caused by hydrogen gas leaks.

To contact the author of this article, email sue.himmelstein@ieeeglobalspec.com


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Discussion – 1 comment

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Re: Hydrogen Sensor is Ultra-Fast and Super-Sensitive
#1
2017-Oct-02 1:51 PM

I wonder what the detection span of %H2 in the gas stream to the sensor is? Can it detect high percentages as well as low ones?

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